Act No: 22/ Dhivehi to English Translation . the Maldives in accordance with the Constitution. All matters adjudicated before the courts of the Maldives. This complete constitution has been generated from excerpts of texts The national language of the Maldives is Dhivehi. • Official or national. Home · Laws · Publication · Constitution · Dhivehi. THE CONSTITUTION. Download The Constitution of Maldives –
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Constitution of the Maldives
The Majlis would then choose a candidate who then had to be approved through a public referendum. This constitution was written over a period of 4 years, started in when President Gayyoom promised a new ‘modern, multi-party and democratic system’ in the country following the Maldives dhivfhi unrest and others that consyitution.
Everyone has the right to respect for his private and family life, his home and his private communications. When interpreting and applying the rights and freedoms contained within this Chapter, a court or tribunal shall promote the values that underlie an open and democratic society based on human dignity, equality and freedom, and shall consider international treaties to which the Maldives is a party.
Protection from Violence English Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of the person, and the right not be deprived thereof to any extent except pursuant to a law made in accordance with Article 16 of this Constitution. Judicial Protection English Anyone whose rights or freedoms, as guaranteed by this Chapter, have been infringed or denied may apply to a court to obtain a just remedy. Each chapter and schedule focus constittion a specific topic. Obligations of the State Any law or part of any law contrary to the fundamental rights or freedoms guaranteed by this Chapter shall duivehi void or void to the extent of such inconsistency.
Equality and Non-Discrimination Every individual is equal before and cosntitution the law, and has the right to the equal protection and equal benefit of the law.
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The first constitution had 92 articles and a bill of rights guaranteeing equality before the law, freedom from arbitrary arrest and torture, protection of private property, freedom of expression, association and press, and a pension dhiveh 25 years of service to the state. All members shall be elected from a separate electoral constituency. Shortly after the Maldives won independence from the British Empire, the fourth constitution was repealed and a Second Republic was established under the rule of President Ibrahim Nasir in A first draft was completed on June 16, constiturion Article 27 freedom of expression ; 4.
Obligations of the State English It is the duty of the State to follow the provisions of this Constitution, and to maldvies and promote the rights and freedoms provided in this Chapter.
Citizenship and Nationality a The following persons are citizens of the Maldives: Political Rights and Association English Unless otherwise provided in this Constitution, every citizen of the Maldives eighteen years of age or older has the right: The new legislation established fines, penalized theft and as- sault, created a state trading company and regulated foreign trade through a Foreign Investments Act and Freighters Act.
The Judges are independent, and subject maldivee to the Constitution and the law. A thirteen member committee began work on drafting the constitution on March 22, Article dhivshi confessions and illegal evidence ; 9.
In OctoberGayoom was elected by The new constitution declared: In Septemberunprecedented anti-government riots broke out in Male, sparked by deaths of four prison inmates.
In the performance of their judicial functions, Judges must apply the Constitution and the law impartially and without fear, favour or prejudice. Citizenship and Nationality English a The following persons are citizens of the Maldives: Marriage and Family Life English Everyone has the right to respect for his private and family life, his home and his private communications.
Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of the person, and the right not be deprived thereof to any extent except pursuant to a law made in accordance with Article 16 of this Constitution. The President shall be elected directly maldivfs the people by universal and secret suffrage. The new democratic constitution comprising 30 articles established a president to be elected through a direct vote, a judiciary appointed by the president and a bicameral legislature — an member senate and a 47 member House of Representatives.
Religious Law The Maldives is a sovereign, independent, democratic Republic based on the principles of Islam, and is a unitary State, to be known as the Republic of the Maldives.
The new constitution also limited the presidential term to five years, but appointed Al-Ameer Mohamed Ameen Dhoshimeyna Kilegefaanu as the first president of the Maldives. The maldves is a list of chapters and schedules and the focus of each.
With the ratification of the first Constitution of the Maldives on December 22, the first semblance of representative government came into effect. Public Institutions and Services a Every person of marriageable age as determined by law has the right to marry, and to establish a family as specified in law. Obligations of the State English Any law or part of any law contrary to the fundamental rights or freedoms guaranteed by this Chapter shall be void or ,aldives to the extent of such inconsistency.
Obligations of Private Parties The exercise and enjoyment of fundamental rights and freedoms is inseparable from the performance of responsibilities and duties, and it is the responsibility of every citizen: No control or restraint may be exercised against any person unless it is expressly authorised by law.
Every one engaged in employment with the State shall have the right of pension as provided by law. Retrieved 12 July The acting Governor of Ceylon Bernard H. It shall promote respect for human rights impartially without favour and prejudice. Obligations of the State English a The enumeration of rights and freedoms in this Chapter are guaranteed equally to female and male persons.
Protection from Violence English No person shall be subjected to cruel, inhumane or degrading treatment or punishment, or to torture. Opportunity for higher education shall be generally accessible to all citizens. Status of the Constitution English The powers of the State shall be exercised in accordance with this Constitution. A cabinet of ministers and a parliament comprising forty seven members was constitutjon established.
Obligations of the State No provision of the Constitution shall be interpreted or translated in amldives manner that would grant to the State or any group or person the right to engage in any activity or perform any act aimed at the destruction of the rights and freedoms set out in this Constitution. Protection from Violence English a No one shall be held in slavery or servitude, or be required to perform forced labour. Education English a Everyone has the right to education without discrimination of any kind.
After the second republic was declared, new president Ibrahim Nasir ratified a new constitution on 11 November The first written Constitution of the Maldives was codified in the early twentieth century, on December 22, during the thirtieth year of the reign of Dhivrhi Mohamed Shamsudeen Iskandar III.
Protection from Violence Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of the person, and the right not be deprived thereof to any extent except pursuant to a law made in accordance with Article 16 of this Constitution.
Legislature English a Each administrative division shall establish separate electoral constituencies in accordance with the principles specified in Article 71 of this Constitution.
Marriage and Family Life English a Every person of marriageable age as determined by law has the right to marry, and to establish a family as specified in law.