Oct 25, I got suckered again. Steve Kaufmann – founder of has been asked by a learner who is also studying to be a second language. The Process of Fossilization in Interlanguage. PUB DATE. Apr NOTE. 19p.; Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the. World Congress of Applied. Dec 15, Fossilization and interlanguage are examples of language teaching jargon. These kinds of technical terms often strike me as unnecessary.

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Fossilization often means that certain aspects of the language were learned incompletely or incorrectly, such as grammatical features like conjugating verbs in the wrong fashion or using the wrong vocabulary, in such a manner that they cannot be unlearned and replaced with correct usage. Fossilization has attracted considerable interest among researchers and has engendered significant differences of opinion. Clearly, this is not the only issue at stake. Many aspects of a language simply cannot be taught in a classroom, where one generally learns a highly academic version of interlanguge tongue, iterlanguage opposed to the colloquial language.

It varies widely by the individual and by the environment in which the language is learned. This article has multiple issues. Thus, adults may be inclined to establishing their pre-existing cultural and ethnic identity, and this they do by maintaining fossilizatipn stereotypical accent. In other languages English Change links.

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Interlanguage fossilization – Wikipedia

Learning a language at a younger age, following the CPH, also seems to reduce the risk of fossilization. This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source.

The current understanding is that those who are learning the language within a native environment are less likely to fossilize, and at a minimum have a higher threshold at fossilizatin they fossilize.

Language fossilization refers to the process in the fossjlization of a secondary. Or is it perhaps not that they cannot overcome fossilization, but that they will not? Fossilization most often occurs in an inadequate learning environment. Sometimes it is defined as an imperfect language. Does complacency set in after second language learners begin to communicate, as far as they are concerned, effectively enough, in flssilization target language, and as a result does motivation to achieve native-like competence diminish?


For a more technical approach, check out this article on Fossilization, automatization and second language acquisition. Multilingualism Heritage language Multi-competence.

Interlanguage fossilization

There’s no real rule determining when certain users may begin to fossilize. Fossilization is, again, not well understood, and therefore someone’s risk to develop fossilization is also not understood. InSelinker fpssilization the concept of “Interlanguage fossilization.

See Terms of Use for details. Interlanguage fossilization is a phenomenon of second language acquisition SLA in which second language learners develop and retain a linguistic system, or interlanguagethat is self-contained and different from both the learner’s first language and the target language. Thus, the learners’ language ability cannot be improved interlanguwge the interlanguage fossilization.

Views Read Edit View history. In the critical period hypothesis, or CPH, it is argued that language fossilization is inevitable in those individuals who are learning a language beyond this critical period, which ends roughly at puberty. Many researchers have attempted to explain this. In the process of second language acquisition, interlanguage continually evolves into an ever-closer approximation of the target language, and ideally should advance gradually until it becomes equivalent, or nearly equivalent, to the target language.

Please help improve it to make it understandable to non-expertswithout removing the technical details. How to write Simple English pagesthen simplifying the article.

The concept of fossilization in SLA research is so intrinsically related to interlanguage that Selinker considers it to be a fundamental phenomenon of all SLA and not just to adult learners.

For tips on making this article better, read ” How to edit a page ” and ” How to write Simple English pages “. Articles lacking in-text citations from October All articles lacking in-text citations Wikipedia articles that are foszilization technical from October All articles that are too technical Articles needing expert attention from October All articles needing expert attention Articles with multiple maintenance issues.

Language-learning aptitude Critical period hypothesis Motivation Willingness to communicate Foreign language anxiety Metalinguistic awareness.

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Understanding Fossilization in Secondary Language Acquisition

Unlike children, who are generally more open to target language culture, adults have more rigid language ego boundaries. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Please help fix them or discuss these issues on the talk page.


Fossilization may also consist of a sort of subconscious clinging to aspects of the learner’s mother tongue, for instance, with syntax interlanguave phonology. This usually means learning a language in a classroom, cossilization opposed to learning it in the country where it is natively spoken.

CPH as generally accepted allows for virtually unlimited learning of superficial elements of a language such as grammar and vocabulary, but fossilization interlajguage still occur when it comes to the more intuitive aspects of a language, such as cadence, pronunciation and idiom.

Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Despite debate over the degree of permanence, fossilization is generally accepted as a fact of life fossiljzation the process of SLA. This article needs to be wikified. This may be a minority of individuals, yes, but it proves that those within the CPH are not universally invulnerable to the effect.

Understanding Fossilization in Secondary Language Acquisition

Pages needing cleanup from June All pages needing cleanup Pages needing to be simplified from June All pages that need simplifying Articles needing additional references from June All articles needing additional references Articles that need to be wikified from June All articles that need to be wikified. The metaphor, as used in SLA literature, is appropriate because it refers to earlier language forms that become interlanvuage in a learner’s interlanguage and that, theoretically, cannot fossipization changed by special attention or practice of the target language.

Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. According to Guiora et al. So, fossilizagion fossilization means the second language learners’ failure for achieving the new language.