PDF | The purpose of this article is to present a contemporary picture of the Halliwick Concept– from Water Specific Therapy (WST) to the. The Halliwick Concept is an approach to teaching all people, in particular focussing on those with physical and/or learning difficulties, to participate in water . The Halliwick Concept for clients with cerebral palsy or similar conditions. Jean- Pierre Maes – PT, MCSP, Senior Halliwick Lecturer. Member of Education and.

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Halliwick also enables a graded activity program: The concise guide to physiotherapy – 2-volume set: The second part of the concept, Halliwick Aquatic Therapy also known as Water Specific Therapy, WSTapplies the fundamental biophysical principles and the underlying principles of the Ten-Point-Programme for planning and implementing patient-specific aquatic therapy.

Decreased heart rate Decreased rate of respiration Increased depth of respiration Increased peripheral vasodilatation Increased smooth muscle activity digestion Decreased activation of striated muscles skeletal Decreased spasticity Decreased muscle spasm Decreased reticular activating system RAS activity Enhanced immune system response.

The Halliwick Ten-Point-Programme implements the concept in a progressive programme of mental adjustment, disengagement, and development of motor control, with an emphasis on rotational control, and applies the programme to teach physically disabled people balance controlswimmingand independence. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

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The most important part of this program is rotational control. The lightness of the body in water allows the Aquatic practitioner to float you, which has the following effects: Halliwick Aquatic Therapy is a problem-solving approach, in that specific possibilities and constraints of the client are analyzed in order to plan a systematic intervention to help the client gain functional increases.


These torques can be used to increase load on connective tissue. Orthopaedics for the physical therapist assistant. Halliwick also has a passive static component, in which, for example involving selective activation of muscles and stabilization of specific joints by the therapist.

The Halliwick Concept – AQUA4BALANCE

Buoyancy forces counteract gravity forces and create rotational torques meta-centric effects. The first part of the Halliwick Concept implements the Halliwick Ten-Point-Programme to develop balance control, swimming skills, and indendence: This page was last edited on 19 Novemberat It uses a holistic task-directed approach within the context of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health ICFin particular postural control, normalizing muscle stiffness, and facilitation of movement to attain functional goals on land.

Lessen pain sensitivity Stimulate the immune concwpt Aid lymphatic drainage Increase blood circulation It is comcept likely to leave you both physically and mentally relaxed. Halliwick Aquatic Therapy has mainly used in neurorehabilitation and pediatrics. It has resemblances to Bobath and Conductive education. Aquatic Therapy Exercises, founded by concpt late James McMillan The Halliwick concept originally developed to teach people with physical disability to swim and make them independent in water.

Many activities easily can be repeated and varied and people can learn balance and stumble strategies, which have carry-over effects to dry land. Buoyancy provides an easy way to change position, which influences the vestibular system as in sensory integration. Turbulent moving water provides resistancetherefore the one will lose balance slowly and has time to react. Health Benefits Activities in warm water: The Halliwick Concept focuses on biophysical principles of motor control in water, in particular developing sense of balance equilibrioception and core stability.

The mechanical advantages concep water support the abilities of the trunk in a mobilising and stabilising way.

These benefits include physical, personal, recreational, social and therapeutic aspects.

Hydrotherapy Massage Physical medicine and rehabilitation Physical therapy. Views Read Edit View history.


Most Halliwick therapy is active halkiwick to facilitate movement and sensory input. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Activities in warm water: The fluid-mechanical properties of water are the basis for the intervention techniques. Halliwick Aquatic Therapy is a system-oriented aquatic motor re learning approach, which includes elements of the Ten-Point-Programme.

Welcome to the International Halliwick Association (IHA)

Halliwick also enables a graded activity programme: The first part of the conxept, the Halliwick Ten-Point-Programme, incorporates these biophysical principles and focuses on mental adjustment, disengagement, and development of motor control, with an emphasis on rotational control, and is applied to teach participation in water activities, moving independently in water, and swimming.

In this sense Halliwick is a constraint-induced movement therapy without the disadvantage of gravity compensation.

There are several precautions you need to consider before participating the thermal aquatic bodywork:. All of the above benefits are simply not possible with land exercise. Subscribe to our mailing list.

This reaction is thought to:. There are several precautions you need to consider before participating the thermal aquatic bodywork: Frees the spinal vertebrae Rotates joint articulations Elongates muscles All of the above benefits are simply not possible with land exercise.

The Halliwick Concept was originally developed by fluid mechanics engineer James McMillan in the late s and s, at the Halliwick School for Haliwick with Disabilities in Cocnept, to teach physically disabled people independence in water.

Body temperature water offers a unique and ideal medium for freeing energy. Halliwick Aquatic Therapy also known as Water Conce;t Therapy, WSTimplements the concept in patient-specific aquatic therapy for application in rehabilitation of injury and disability.