This one-page guide includes a plot summary and brief analysis of The Ghost Sonata by August Strindberg. The Ghost Sonata () by seminal Swedish. The Ghost Sonata (Swedish title: Spöksonaten) was written in and first performed the January 21st, at Strindberg’s Intimate Theater in Stockholm. For his final Strindberg staging, Bergman returns to The Ghost Sonata for the fourth time and the result is ‘more a farewell tale than an unmasking’.

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In the long range of his writings his hands touch now the early romantics, now the realists and naturalists, now the expressionists, now the surrealists, and now the existentialists.

Strindbeeg whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life John IV: When she is home, she spends her time tending her flowers in the Hyacinth Room.

Hummel, surrounded by a group of beggars, calls on those assembled to hail and applaud the Student for his valiance the strindnerg before.

A house collapsed in Stockholm, Sweden, where the action of the play is set, and a poor student, named Arkenholz, witnessed the tragedy and spent all night tending to the wounded and dying. For his final Strindberg staging, Bergman returns to The Ghost Sonata tsrindberg the fourth time and the result is ‘more a farewell tale than an unmasking’.

And from this rich background, Strindberg no doubt drew the materials ghozt he has assembled to produce The Ghost Sonata. Strindberg is considered to be one of the most important influences on an avant-garde artistic movement called expressionism that became very popular in Germany in the s.

Tornqvist notes that several authors and critics have assembled biographies of August Strindberg, and attempted critical discussions of the ideas found in his plays and where he fits into late nineteenth century theatre eonata, but that little has been written about the actual structure of his plays, and how his formal style is different from that of his contemporaries. It is not a series of images, like the cinema, but a construction, wonata moving architecture of scenic images.

The Ghost Sonata – Wikipedia

And what seems glamorous from a distance is in close-up obscene. The exposition establishes one musical theme in a principal key center, called the tonic, then produces another theme in a secondary key center, called the dominant. The Student prays for her, wishing for her the best fate that anyone can achieve while passing from this world of misery into the afterlife of the unknown.


As a young man in Stockholm he worked as a teacher, a journalist, and a librarian. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: While the industrial age had brought many women out of the home and into the workplace, the jobs available to them were mainly unskilled, menial tasks that required long hours for little pay. If they were to confess strindebrg their sins and leave the house, she would be saved.

The Ghost Sonata

These complications are related by Hummel to the Student in Scene One, and are revealed further in the ghostly gathering of Scene Two. Hummel is, of course, the patriarch of the. His life and career at the turn of the twentieth century, however, was a twisting path of minor successes and major public humiliations, of deep psychological and spiritual turmoil, and of a love-hate relationship with women that scarred his mind and inspired him to some of his best writing.

Although this primary pattern of action is distinctly hhost, the play, particularly in the first two scenes, and mainly through the appearance of the Cook in the third, is as fully expressive of the tensions of the material-social world as are the earlier realist plays by Strindberg.

After the failure of The Ghost Sonata, Strindberg wrote no more great plays. As the visual pattern gains a sonaga culminating in a conglomeration of images, so does the language rapidly dissolve into a melange of voices, until both the visual and the auditory are silenced and stilled by a darkness which serves as a release from the multiplicity of divided strindberrg warring parts in a world born of the principium individuationis.

He gulls the Student into doing his bidding, knows everything there is to know about the strange inhabitants of the house, and orders his servant, Johansson, about like a slave, because he holds his freedom in his hands.

Then there is the Mummy, with her inflamed scalp and shrouds of lace, who moves and talks like a parrot. The Student explains to the apparition that he is so disheveled because he had been saving the wounded from a collapsing building the night before. The Student also thinks he has found a generous benefactor in the Old Man.

Ibsen wrote about marital problems, disease, poverty, inter-class conflict and many other issues faced by his audiences in the s and s. Thank you for your feedback. He married Amelia, the Mummy, when she was 35, thinking she was really a young girl.


The Ghost Sonata | play by Strindberg |

If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. Jesus saith unto her, Give me to drink. Glenn is a Ph. Please try again later. Terrified, he commands that Johansson get him away as fast as possible.

They wed just before August was born, and had several more children, eight of whom survived. By the time of the writing of The Ghost Sonata, Strindberg was clearly beyond the realist conventions which informed such achievements as The Father, Miss Julie and The Bond —although he continued his intense concern with the problems of guilt and the class-sex struggle with which those and other plays dealt.

They say that Christ harrowed hell. And the manipulative Old Man evokes any number of contemporary powermongers. The dreams he has of finding paradise in a beautiful house, with a lovely wife, a generous income, and happy children, are dashed when he discovers that the real world is often filled with unexplainable rejection and disappointment, and he watches the girl he loves die in front of him.

He tells them all their time will be up when the clock strikes.

He reveals that he is not actually a Colonel, since the American Volunteer Force in which he once served was disbanded ghosr all its titles abolished. Jesus answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink; thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water.

Hummel, the Old Man, ultimately must answer for his various crimes, and suffer a humiliating death in front of those he would have destroyed.

Similar techniques were employed by Emil Grandison in his production of To Damascus. Initially, the Old Man presides over the unmasking. It is not a question of a judgment in the usual sense, for to Swedenborg God is absolute love. Like the mortal souls that enter Kama-Loka, everyone in the house must be stripped of masks, illusions and artifice. He is clearly the most dynamic character in the play, the one who seems to make everything happen.