Galego: Extensión e xeografía da Galiza castrexa, xunto con localización das oppida (elaborado a partir de Rodríguez Corral, J. A Galicia. View Academics in Cultura Castrexa on A cultura castrexa (Historia de Galicia) [Francisco Calo Lourido] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
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Retrieved 2 May Nabia Fountain in Braga. Celtici of Arunda Cempsi Mirobrigenses.
Castro sculpture also reveal that locals carved these figures in wood items, such as chairs, and weaved them into their clothes. First, the old familiar huts were frequently substituted by groups of family housing, composed generally of one or more huts with hearth, plus round granaries, and elongated or square sheds and workshops.
In coastal areas, fishing and collecting shellfish were important activities: Other metal artefacts include antenna-hilted swords and knives, Montefortino helmets with local decoration and sacrificial or votive axes with depictions of complex sacrificial scenes similar to classical suovetauriliawith torcs, cauldrons, weapons, animals of diverse species and string-like motives.
Culrura bred cattle for meat, milk and butter production; they also used oxen for dragging carts and ploughs,  while horses were used mainly for human transportation.
Retrieved 22 December Over this basis worked a Mediterranean current, bringing filigree, granulate and new type of items considered to be feminine: From the Mondego river up to the Minho riveralong the coastal areas of northern Portugal, during the last two centuries of the second millennium BCE a series of settlements were established in high, well communicated places,  radiating from a core area north of the Mondego, and usually specializing themselves in the production of Atlantic Bronze Age metallurgy: Carthaginian merchants brought imports of wine, glass, pottery and other goods through a series of emporiacommercial post which sometimes included temples cuultura other installations.
Back of a sitting statue Triskelion of the oppidum of Coeliobriga Galicia A ‘severed head’ carving Galicia A fragmentary warrior statue Galicia A selection of motifs and carvings from the oppida region Galicia.
From a theonymical point of view, this suggest some ethno-cultural differences between the coast and inland areas. Mining was an integral part of the culture, and it attracted Mediterranean merchants, first Phoenicianslater Carthaginians and Romans. The Vila do Conde city hall managed to obtain its Cividade’s land area only inafter 60 years of negotiations and legal confrontation. Pre-Roman peoples established into Portugal. Very characteristic of the peoples of the Castro culture Gallaecians and western Astures is their onomastic formula.
The richest pottery was produced in the south, from the Rias Baixas region in Galicia to the Douro, where decoration was frequently stamped and incised into pots and vases. It is the culture associated with the Celtiberiansclosely associated to the western Hallstatt horizon of Central Europe. Under Roman influence the tribes or populi apparently ascended to a major role, at the expense of the minor entities.
A sculpted stone reused in a 6th-century Suevic church in Dume, Braga Old cultua stone slab, now in exposition in Formigueiros, CulfuraGalicia.
Anyway, in the southern coastal areas the presence of Mediterranean merchants from the 6th century BC onward, would have occasioned an increase in social inequality, bringing a large number of importations fine potteryfibulaewineglass and other products and technological innovations, such as round granite millstoneswhich would have merged with the Atlantic local traditions.
Gates to these oppida become monumental and frequently have sculptures of warriors.
These native cities or citadels were characterised by their size and by urban features such as paved streets equipped with channels for stormwater runoff, reservoirs of potable water, and evidence of urban planning.
With the exception of the Grovii people, Pomponius Mela stated that all the populi were Celtic and Cosus was not worshipped there. A selection of motifs and carvings from the oppida region Galicia. Hispania Epigraphica on-line data-base. Supporting the idea, no evidence has been found of any women worshipping at any of the monuments dedicated to Cosus. There is a cividade toponym in Bragaa citadel established by Augustus, although there are no archaeological findings apart from an ancient parish name and pre-Roman baths.
More numerous are the votive inscriptions dedicated to the autochthonous CosusBanduaNabiaand Reue. During the transition of the Bronze to the Iron Age, from the Douro in modern northern Portugal and up along the coasts of Galicia  until the central regions of Asturias, the settlement in artificially fortified places substituted the old open settlement model.
Large quantities of acorns have been found hoarded in most hill-fortsas they were used for bread production once toasted and crushed in granite stone mills.
Cultura castrexa | Flickr
A romanized castroat Viladonga, Castro de ReiGalicia.